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Colima and the Stonecarversby LoZompatore.
I'm posting here a collection of info about the Stonecarver culture of Colima from HWA2 and HWA3 modules.
The Colimans are a group of exiled people from the Stonecarvers, a nomadic culture whose prominent activity is the carving of giant human shaped-monuments on (coastal?) mountain slopes. They seems to be a semi-nomadic seafaring culture, as they move overseas every few generations, once the monument is completed. They are of Neathar stock (see below).
In my opinion a real world comparison for this culture might be found in the ancient Cycladic people (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Cyclades) but actually there are a lot of ancient cultures who built giant statues (the Khmer, some Native American populations, the Kyrgizi, the Chinese, not to mention the Easter Island people).
Here you are the most interesting info:
We have the description of Dael, a Coliman:
"Tall and almost as thin as the shepherd's crook he carries, Dael looks younger than his 24 years. It may be his disarrayed blond hair, or his thin blond beard that makes him look, not bearded, but simply unshaven...
Though the workmanship is good, most of the figures remain unfinished. "No folks around to help me polish them up," says Dael. (He belongs to the Stonecarver culture that settled Colima)"
The Colimans consider the Shahjapuri as being darker then them:
"Traders from these "Cheerful brown folks" (Shahjapuri) visited Colima over a decade ago."
I'd say that the Colimans are definitely of Neathar origin.
"People in Colima measure the passage of years by tide levels, which the Immortals have adjusted so that they vary regularly through the year."
"In the Stonecarver village near Coresco a chieftain of notable ruthlessness seized power. His tyranny drove many of the village's finest artisans to flee, with their families, in a leaky longboat. They headed north, and then that decade's hurricane rose with the suddenness of a curse."
"Colima was founded by shipwrecked refugees of the Stonecarver culture, a small, semi nomadic tribe that settles in one place for a few generations to carve a huge sculpture, then moves on...."
"About 200 merchants and shoppers are haggling at the tops of their lungs, trading... fish, fishhooks, fishnets..."
"The PCs ship must set out from Colima (on a Coliman one masted ship), sail out the mouth of the bay, then travel some 3000 miles across the Merry Pirate Seas and the Anathy Archipelago to Shahjapur. In the Known World, a comparable journey would stretch from the Minrothad Guilds to the eastern coast of Alphatia!"
By the way, notice that we know both the original starting place of the Stonecarvers - a settlement near Coresco - and the location of Colima - in a bay along the coast between the Traldar Kingdoms and the Azcan Empire, west of the Merry Pirates; IIRC the HWA2-3 give further details leading to place this town in the mushroom-shaped bay of the coast.
Taking into account these locations (and even if in the meantime the original group of Stonecarvers moved elsewhere), I think that the Stonecarvers inhabits warm temperate and subtropical regions. This may be an hint about placing their monuments in the outer world.
We don't explicitly know which Immortals are revered by the Colimans. Here is all the information I gathered:
"The travellers were refugees from the Stonecarver culture, a small and primitive group in the southern Gulf near Coresco, transplanted by an unknown Immortal from the outer world to the Hollow World in the distant past and soon forgotten... Once every few generations they built and occupied a whole village, living there just long enough to carve one or more awesome stone monoliths, tributes to their unnamed patron entity."
"If Dael is along, he can explain the half-finished monument. - That's from an old Stonecarver legend, - he says, - The OldMountain Giant. In the stories we tell little ones, he follows good folk around and punishes those who harm them.- "
"About a dozen statues around the marketplace. They're big, looming stone figures, carved like people but with the eyes large and bulging.
In every deal, the seller displays the purchase and the item offered in trade to one of these statues. Nothing happens that you can tell, but then they conclude the deal.
The statues, an old Coliman custom, are called "observers". Though they are not magical, superstition claims they ensure fairness in all transactions. The custom of presenting the trade to the statues lets each bargainer mull over the deal. In practice, a trader who has made an unfavourable bargain can use the observers as an excuse to back out of the deal."
"Colima ruling council may have deduced that Kaze has something to do with the apparent departure of the Immortals."
The Colimans are peaceful people, with a semi-nomadic lifestyle, whose main industries are stonecarving and trade. About trade, they seem quite a trickster people: Dael was exiled by the community because he was cursed to always tell the truth, becoming unfit for most of the activities performed by the townspeople.
The city is loosely ruled by a city council led by an elder. The council seldom meet to discuss some particularly important issue.
The Colimans do no use coins, their trades being led with barter. They have some smiths who are able to forge iron, so their civilisation should not be so primitive (possibly similar to the real world Phoenician of 1000-500 BCE).
"These people alternated periods of nomadic wandering with more sedentary habits.
"The townspeople are peaceful by nature, and they display curiosity about strangers who don't look like Azca and Merry Pirates...
"Government: Occasional town meetings in marketplace, otherwise none. Rashan Twinchisel, oldest citizen, exercises informal authority.
"The PCs can purchase basic supplies at this marketplace, such as food and clothing , but no one sells armour, weapons, or magical items... Colimans use no money...
"About 200 merchants and shoppers are haggling at the tops of their lungs, trading eggs, fish, fishhooks, fishnets, woven mats, wooden drums, wooden stools, fruits and vegetables, bone flutes, skin drums, and saddle blankets. They don't use money, just barter."
Notice that Colima is a settlement with about 1000 inhabitants (there is also another small village with another 100 people). If we keep a proportion 5:1 between townspeople and countryside people we may estimate some 6000 Stonecarvers in the Coliman region. If the town of Colima has 200 merchants and shoppers (some 3% of the total population, or 20% of the urban population) maybe the Stonecarvers keep some strong trading traditions.
A collection of Stonecarvers names from HWA2-3. I don't think they follow any recognisable rule:
Dael, Mati, Clerias, Mikalman, Barki, Oleg, Malda, Tuvy top-net, Ratim, Tomor, Pratey, Amar Hetixo, Tealain, Junn Sillkin, Golbun.
If the Stonecarvers lived before the Great Rain of Fire they might have populated the present northern Davanian coast. If they lived after the Great Rain of Fire they might have inhabited the northern Davanian coast, the Arm of the Immortal, the Trident Bay or the Addakian Sound (I find this placement particularly cool: ships sailing along the Sound may find many giant stone sculptures acting as landmarks for the sailors).